Segmentation has been traditionally used as a marketing tool to understand the wants and needs of specific consumer groups and allow service providers to create targeted implementation strategies. While segmentation has been used in other health areas to help target interventions, in this paper, Klag and Ouellette-Kuntz adapt the approach to create an understanding of the support needs of two Canadian subgroups: autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability. Read how here: https://bit.ly/2Qd8030
Efforts in Ontario since 2006 to improve the provision of primary care to adults with IDD were the focus of a recent study led by Hélène Ouellette-Kuntz. The authors compared preventive care provided through primary care to adults with IDD aged 40-64 from 2003 and 2016 to determine any impact the interventions had. While a small increase in provision for preventive care was seen for men, no change was seen for women, suggesting a small population-level impact. Read the full methodology and the authors’ recommendations for future research here: https://bit.ly/2pK6XZz.
After a 2009 study reported that about 1% of the global population was affected by an intellectual disability, a systematic review conducted by MAPS sought to update this statistic with recent studies. While researchers found that there was a global interest in understanding the prevalence of intellectual disabilities and a potential lower occurrence than originally reported in 2009, differences in measurements, definitions, and case reporting between the studies prevented strong comparisons to be made. Read more about the details of the study, plus the findings on the incidence of intellectual disabilities, here: https://bit.ly/2RgmmNG
A recent study shed light on mortality patterns in Ontario for adults with IDD between 2011 and 2014. Mortality rates were found to decrease over time, but were still in excess when compared to the general Canadian population. Some findings echoed those of other studies internationally including the inappropriate coding of IDD as an underlying cause of death. There is a need to improve cause of death coding practices on death certificates for this population in Ontario and elsewhere. For more information on the most common causes of death and patterns relating to sex and age, read the full article here: https://bit.ly/2ojMc63.
As an emerging field of research, no consensus statement on how to support frailty in individuals with IDD has existed until now. Through international collaboration, MAPS worked with a panel of experts to create a statement that promotes awareness and guides support planning for frail and pre-frail adults with IDD. Some ideas were immediately agreed upon by stakeholders, including using a person-centred approach to planning and considering frailty earlier in adults with IDD. Ongoing international debate initially caused contention to arise around having ageing in place and safety as priorities of the statement. To read the full consensus statement and how it was developed, go to https://bit.ly/2IT8ZgW.
MAPS is excited to welcome two new members to our growing team! Tori Barabash, who will be entering the MSc Epidemiology program at Queen’s University in September, is taking over the social media portfolio and other tasks from Mara Habash. We wish Mara well as she starts her career as an epidemiologist with Cancer Care Ontario. Amy Choi, an undergraduate student in Life Sciences at Queen’s, will be working on an aging-related project for her 4th year honours thesis.
Congratulations to Clarabelle Lee, BSc Life Sciences student at Queen’s University and MAPS trainee, who completed her undergraduate thesis advancing our work on frailty and IDD. She presented her research at the 2018 OADD RSIG Day held in Kingston on April 7. You can view her poster at https://bit.ly/2EQxt8t.
Congratulations to MAPS/Queen’s-based trainee Stephen Lam who was awarded an OADD – NADD Ontario Scholarship. Stephen’s MSc thesis research examining quality of primary care provision to older adults with IDD will include a focus on co-occurring mental health needs in this population. The award was presented at the OADD conference held in Kingston.
Congratulations to Robyn Saaltink who successfully defended her PhD thesis in Sociology at Queen’s University titled “Passports to Adulthood, Strong Families and Good Mothering: A Critical Examination of Developmental Disability Discourse in Ontario Between 2008-2014”. Robyn’s research relied on interviews with parents who participated in MAPS research as well as review of policy documents and Select Committee transcripts. A summary of the research will be available shortly.
Virginie Cobigo speaks with Gérald Filion of ICI RDI about how to improve employment opportunities for persons with intellectual and developmental disabilities. (in french: “Comment améliorer et accroître l’activité sur le marché du travail des personnes ayant certaines déficiences? Entrevue avec Virginie Cobigo”) pic.twitter.com/PWbu103LZm